Archive for September, 2011

Sports Medicine Guide for the Media, or Anyone

If you want quick, easy-to-understand descriptions of some of the most common sports injuries, from ankle sprains to overuse injuries to rotator cuff tears, check out the new 33-page Sports Medicine Media Guide: An illustrated Resource on the Most Common Injuries and Treatments in Sports.

The new guide is now available online from the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Designed as a resource for sports reporters who want to simply and accurately explain common sports injuries, the guide can also help anyone who wants a quick reference to most of the major joint-related sports injuries.

For example, under Ankle Sprains, the guide defines what an ankle sprain is, how it can be treated (the tried-and-true initial step is the RICE formula: Rest, Ice Compression, Elevation), and how to prevent it.

The guide is divided into 20 sections, each focusing on a specific injury and providing information on causes, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as related definitions, statistics, and resources.

Under Statistics in the Ankle Sprain section, the guide notes that about 25,000 ankle sprains occur in the United States every day, making it one of the top 10 sports injuries.

Sections are written by an orthopedic surgeon or other medical professional specializing in the particular injury or condition who offers insight on what to expect in recovery, how to avoid injury, and how to get back into the game.

High-resolution photographs and medical illustrations provide additional detail to further explain the injury.

The guide includes sections on Ankle Sprains, AC Joint injuries, Articular Cartilage Injuries, Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injuries, Meniscal Tears, Shoulder Impingement, Stress Fractures, Rotator Cuff Tears, Shoulder Instability/Dislocations, SLAP Tears, Throwing Injuries in Children, and Overuse Injuries.

In addition, the guide contains information on such topics as Exercise and the Mature Athlete, Anabolic Steroids, MRSA (Staph) Infections, Heat Illness, Sudden Cardiac Death in Athletes, and two very newsy topics, Concussions and Treatment of Tendon/Ligament Disorders with Platelet-Rich Plasma.

The Concussion section ends with the clear recommendation that all athletes who sustain a concussive episode, no matter how minor, undergo an evaluation by a medical physician before returning to play.

The illustrations for Ankle Sprains and ACL Injuries show particularly good detail, while other illustrations are very simple (AC Joint, Articular Cartilage, Meniscus, Shoulder Impingement and Dislocation).

The MRI of a Rotator Cuff Tear looks like a close-up photo of a fish eye, and should have been replaced by a clear illustration.

Also, there are glaring omissions in three of the most commonly injured joints, the neck, back, and elbow.

Overall, the guide is a fine place to find a very short overview of many joint injuries before you go to other websites for more details.

Racing Against Diabetes

Professional bike racer Phil Southerland calls himself a “rare bird” because he is a diabetic who is also a professional athlete.

He’s also a role model and humanitarian who as the CEO of Team Type 1, a group of Type 1 diabetic athletes who race bikes professionally as a platform to inspire thousands of people around the world who are battling diabetes.

Last week, Southerland led a 4-mile bike ride around Central Park to commemorate the 2nd Health Summit held by the United Nations.

The Noncommunicable Disease Alliance hosted “UNite for a Healthy Future,” an afternoon rally to engage the public in the fight against diabetes, cancer, heart and chronic respiratory disease.

About 366 million people worldwide have diabetes, according to the latest figures from the International Diabetes Federation released in advance of the UN summit.

Southerland, age 29, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes as an infant, and has gone on to a career as a professional cyclist and is now the driving force behind Team Type 1, a team of 101 amateur and professional cyclists, runners, and triathletes.

More than 80 of the athletes have diabetes, and Team Type 1’s mission is to bring hope to those affected by the disease around the world.

Southerland described his story in the fascinating biography, Not Dead Yet: My Race Against Disease from Diagnosis to Dominance, written with John Hanc and published earlier this year.

He mentions that “Team Type 1 was a pipe dream right here, in Athens (GA), when I was a college student pedaling around these same streets, in order to get to class on time.

We’re doing it for a mission — to show what diabetics can do.”

And his team has done just that.

In 2006 and 2007, Team Type 1 won the Race Across America, a legendary 3,000-mile cross-country bike race that is ranked as one of the toughest endurance challenges.

Part of Southerland’s tale is how he has used his fame to help others.

He has made two trips to Rwanda to set up a program to help children with Type 1 diabetes in partnership with international government and academic health organizations.

Last November, Southerland delivered 40,000 test strips, 400 blood sugar monitors, and insulin strips to 400 Rwandan children.

This past March, he brought together representatives from Rwanda’s Ministry of Health, the Rwanda Diabetes Association, the US Centers for Disease Control, US Embassy in Rwanda, and the University of Pittsburgh to set up a project aimed at educating local doctors and patients about diabetes detection and access to information and donated supplies.

He wrote in Not Dead Yet that “my efforts to control my diabetes are non-stop and constant.”

It seems that’s his motto about spreading the word about the fight against diabetes as well.

How to Reduce Stress and Work Better

Want to work better and harder?

Try Tai Chi, meditation, or yoga or other stress-reduction techniques.

That’s what Mayo Clinic researchers suggest after they examined the relationship between stress levels and quality of life at a work site wellness center.

The researchers, led by Matthew M. Clark, a clinical psychologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, conducted a survey of more than 13,000 employees joining a wellness center, asking them about stress, health behaviors, and quality of life.

A total of 2,147 of these employees reported having high stress levels, according to a study in the September/October issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion.

Those under high stress had statistically significant lower quality of life, more fatigue, and poorer health compared with employees with low stress levels.

They were also more likely to have high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and to be overweight.

The study showed the biggest differences between stressed and non-stressed respondents were in fatigue levels after a regular night’s sleep and in current quality of life.

The researchers concluded that tailored stress-reduction programs would be beneficial for these employees.

Mindfulness exercises, which include Tai Chi, meditation, and yoga, can increase positivity, said Margaret Moore, MBA, founder of Wellcoaches Corporation, at a Harvard-based academic conference on coaching that she co-directed last year.

“Positive emotions matter,” said Moore.

“They lead to flow experiences.”

Positivity makes you thrive and uncover your strengths and talents, she said.

Corporate wellness programs typically focus on physical fitness and weight loss initially, but personal wellness coaches also address other domains of wellness, including stress management, work/life balance, spirituality, and resilience.

Your boss may ask about your productivity and how you are adding to the bottom line.

A return on investment of wellness is tougher to calculate.

But reducing stress may help boost your health and resiliency, and therefore make you a better worker.

Celine Dion Would Love to Have Another Baby

Three-time mom Celine Dion says she would love to do it again – have another baby, that is.

The superstar singer has conceived twice through in vitro fertilization (IVF) with the help of Zev Rosenwaks, MD, director of the Center for Reproductive Medicine at the Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York City.

Her first son, Rene Charles, is now 10 years old, and her twin boys, Eddie and Nelson, will turn 1 this October.

In A Baby at Last!, written by Dr. Rosenwaks and Marc Goldstein, MD, director of the Center for Male Reproductive Medicine and Microsurgery at Weill Cornell, Dion wrote:

“When I think about my association with Dr. Zev Rosenwaks, I think about the extraordinary talent and intelligence that allows him to combine nature and genius, to create new life.

I am forever in awe of this, and I’m forever grateful for his wonderful talent.”

On “Good Morning America” on September 20, when asked if she would like to add to her family, Dion said:

“We’d love to.”

”It’s the biggest gift that you can offer yourself.”

She added: “Is it gonna be possible?

“Is it gonna happen?”

“I don’t know.”

Dion’s wish for more children will be part of the 90-minute documentary, “Celine: 3 Boys and a New Show,” airing October 1 on OWN, the Oprah Winfrey Network.

Dion told GMA “Now I’m in my 40s and I think I’m blessed with my family and husband (Rene Angelil).

I’m very privileged to have them.

It’s what I’m the most proud of, my family, my kids.”

In her book, Celine Dion: My Story, My Dream, published just after Rene Charles’ birth, Dion wrote about the meaning of family.

“The one thing that we have been working on so hard all these years is this family.

To us, this great family is more important than anything else, and no other accomplishment makes us so proud.”

She also discussed plans back then to give birth again.

“The idea of having another baby is already in the back of my mind.

One of my eggs that been inseminated with Rene’s sperm is kept at the fertility clinic.

It will be possible to place it back in my uterus.

If everything goes well and, and it’s God’s will, my belly will once again be home to a child from the man I love.”

And now shes thinking of the possibility of a third IVF procedure.

“I think the best is yet to come,” she said.

100-Year-Olds Share The Secrets of a Long Life

I’m always willing to learn from my elders, so when 100-year-olds tell me their secrets of a long life, I take notice.

Kevin W Chen, Ph.D., the publisher/editor of Yang-Sheng (Nurturing Life), reveals the life-nurturing regimens of centenarians in “Selected Secrets and Maxims of Longevity of Famous Chinese Celebrities” in the September issue of this e-magazine for all Qigong, Tai Chi, Yoga, Reiki, mindfulness and meditation practitioners, spiritual cultivators, and health seekers.

Here’s a selection of what these 100-year-olds have to say, as translated by Chen:

Sun, Simiao lived to be 101 years old. His secrets were: “Keep your four limbs moving industriously; be moderate and controlled in diet; chew carefully and eat slowly; wash and rinse your mouth after meals; and get sufficient sleep.”(四体勤劳;节制食欲;细嚼慢咽;饭后盥漱;睡眠充足. ).

Zhang, Xueliang (General) lived to be 101 years old. His maxim was: “Have a broad and level mind/heart; but build a strong will; frequently do physical exercise to strengthen the body; maintain a regular daily routine and moderate diet; view flowers and read books; cultivate both body and spirit, make a lot of friends, and enjoy life joyfully.”(心胸坦荡;意志坚强;经常运动;锻炼身体;起居有时;饮食节制;观花读书;修身养性;广交朋友;自寻快乐)

Wang, Zhongyi lived to be 105 years old. His maxim was: “Travel and enjoy beautiful scenery; eat until only 70% full at meals; act like a prime minister, show kindness and help others; feel only 70% joy even at fully happy moments; be persistent even during difficult times; always smile and be happy to enjoy daily life!”( 去旅游山清水秀;食油腻三分足矣;宰相肚与人为善;喜事临只乐三分;艰难阻进三尺;笑口常开乐悠哉!)

And here’s my favorite, and the one I plan to continue to emulate:

Yu, You-zit died at the age of 105. His longevity 3-character classic was: “Run in the morning, and go to sleep early; eat breakfast only until you are half-full, have a good lunch, and a small supper; read books and newspapers with enjoyment; smile and don’t worry; exercise with persistence; keep busy into old age to live a long, happy life.”( “夙兴跑;夜寐早;晨半饱;午餐好;晚餐少;读书妙;常看报;常常笑;莫烦恼;动为宝;恒常要;忙到老;寿自高”)

My plan is to follow the sage advice from these wise, old men — maintain a healthy, strong body, cultivate a clear mind, and retain a joyful zest for life.

The No. 1 Health Concern for Children

What is the top health concern adults have for children?

The answer is obesity (tied with drug abuse), according to the 5th annual survey of the top 10 health concerns for kids conducted by the University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health.

September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month and the cause comes with good reason.

More than 23 million American children and teenagers are overweight or obese, which puts them at risk for Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, and even stroke, diseases usually only seen among adults.

Last year, the White House Task Force on Childhood Obesity, created by the president as part of first lady Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move” campaign, aimed to solve the childhood obesity epidemic.

“Let’s Move” set out 4 primary goals: educate and empower parents, provide more-healthful foods in schools, increase access to healthful foods in underserved neighborhoods and encourage more physical activity.

But prevention programs alone are not enough for children who are already obese, particularly minorities, say University of Michigan researchers.

“Because so many children are already obese, there need to be greater efforts focused on treatment if we’re going to have success,” says Joyce M. Lee, MD, MPH, a clinician at University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital.

Prevention strategies alone, particularly for minority children, will not help the White House Task Force reach its goal, wrote Lee, the lead author of an article published online ahead of print in Obesity Journal.

Rates of childhood obesity in the U.S. are much higher for minority children, with 20% of black and Mexican-American children affected, compared with just 15% for Caucasian children.

Better diet, including access to healthful and affordable foods, is just one part of the solution for minority children.

Last December, research published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise noted that the most overweight and obese ethnic groups are also some of the most active.

Combating childhood obesity is a complex mix of physical activity, nutrition, weight management, and fitness.

The Awareness Month is one of the creative solutions needed to help curb this epidemic.

To find out more about National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, check out the website that offers a free, downloadable toolkit filled with resources and ideas.

The website includes an events calendar, so you can list events taking place in your community that support the goals of the month.

To make it more personal, you can take small steps on your own — eat more balanced meals and snacks and engage in physical activity more regularly — and let family members and friends know about your personal plan and commitment.