Posts Tagged ‘men’

Men Left Out of Weight-Loss Market

Even though men are more likely to be overweight than women, men are not getting the weight-loss services they need.

Recent data from Britain is easily applied to the US, and around the world.

Using a Freedom of Information request, the Men’s Health Forum in Britain asked local authorities how many people had been helped by their weight-loss programs in 2013-2014.

The results show 110,324 women as compared with 29,919 men, suggesting that a woman is 277% (3½ times) more likely to get help with weight loss than a man, according to a news release.

Two-thirds of men in Britain are overweight or obese as compared with 57% of women.

Shocking Figures

“These figures are pretty shocking,” said Martin Tod, CEO of Men’s Health Forum.

“We want to see local councils making much bigger efforts to design their services to work for men.

This is particularly important because men account for three-quarters of premature deaths from coronary heart disease—and middle-aged men are twice as likely as women to get diabetes.”

According to a recent publication from the Men’s Health Forum, How To Make Weight-Loss Services Work For Men, there are several reasons for the gender gap.

These include poor advertising or marketing, services that are inappropriate or unattractive to men, and unsuitable venues or times.

Here is a summary of the highlights from the forum guide on what works with weight-loss for men:

Key lessons

1. Obesity prevention and treatment should take into account sex and gender-related differences.

2. Weight reduction for men is best achieved and maintained with the combination of a reducing diet, advice on physical activity, and behavior change techniques.

Men prefer more factual information on how to lose weight and more emphasis on physical activity than women.

3. Men-only groups may enhance effectiveness.

Group-based interventions should also provide some individual tailoring and individual feedback to male participants.

4. Weight-loss programs for men may be better provided in social settings, such as sports clubs and workplaces, which may be more successful at engaging men.

No Strict Diets, Please

In general, men express a dislike of “strict” diets.

Intermittent periods of dieting may be more effective for men than regular periods of dieting.

► Men particularly enjoy the use of pedometers to monitor their physical activity.

► Men prefer interventions that are individualized, fact-based, flexible, use business-like language, and include simple to understand information.

► Men are less likely than women to do well using the drug Orlistat to help long-term weight-loss maintenance.

► Men differ from women when it comes to encouraging them and maintaining participation in weight-loss programs.

Men are significantly less likely than women to join a weight-loss program, but once recruited they are less likely than women to drop out.

► Middle-aged men in particular, are more motivated to lose weight once they become aware that they have a health problem, for example, being diagnosed as “obese” by a health care professional.

Understanding the health benefits of losing weight can act as a motivator for men, for example, knowing that weight loss may prevent the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus or that weight reduction may improve erectile function.

Strong Social Ties Protect Men From Suicide

Being socially connected to others appears to protect men against suicide, according to a new study.

Social integration acts as a safety net to lower the risk of suicide among men.

We speculate that men who are more socially well integrated may have greater access to emotional support and have more opportunities for social engagement and reinforcement of meaningful social roles,” said Alexander Tsai, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston.

Suicide is one of the 10 leading causes of death among men in the United States, and suicides among middle-aged men are increasing.

Current trends in research and prevention efforts usually emphasize the psychiatric, psychological, or biological aspects of what drives suicidal thinking and suicidal behavior.

However, research has shown that a substantial proportion of suicides occur in the absence of a formally diagnosed mental disorder, suggesting that a deeper understanding of factors driving suicide is needed, he said.

SOCIAL INTEGRATION STUDY

Dr. Tsai and colleagues analyzed data from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, an ongoing prospective cohort study of nearly 35,000 men aged 40 to 75 years, to examine the relationship between social integration and suicide mortality over 24 years of follow-up.

They measured social integration with a 7-item index that included marital status, social network size, frequency of contact, religious participation, and participation in other social groups.

Over more than 700,000 person-years of follow-up, there were nearly 150 suicides.

The incidence of suicide decreased with increasing social integration.

MARRIAGE, SOCIAL NETWORK, RELIGION

Three components — marital status, social network size, and religious service attendance — showed the strongest protective associations.

Social integration also was inversely associated with all-cause and cardiovascular-related mortality, but accounting for competing causes of death did not substantively alter the findings.

“Men who were socially well-integrated had a more than 2-fold reduced risk for suicide over 24 years of follow-up,” Dr. Tsai said.

The study lacked information on participants’ mental well-being.

Some suicides also could have been misclassified as accidental deaths, he noted.

Dr. Tsai added: “The seminal studies about social integration and suicide are based on macro-level data, for example, examining the level of social integration across counties or states and the correlations with suicide rates in those jurisdictions, but these are subject to the well-known ‘ecological fallacy’—just because there is an association at the county or state level does not necessarily imply that an individual with poor social integration is also more likely to commit suicide.”

A fuller understanding of the role of social interaction is important in understanding suicide.

“The bottom line is that we should be approaching suicide as a public health issue relevant to a broad range of medical practitioners and public health specialists, not just a narrow mental health issue relevant only to psychiatrists like myself,” Dr. Tsai said.

“It is important for primary care physicians to recognize that their most socially isolated patients are at elevated risk of committing suicide.”

The researchers published their results in the July 14, 2014, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.